Solutions for Self-Reliance

The Ultimate Companion Planting Guide + Chart

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It’s easy to become overwhelmed when planning a new garden or improving an existing one. We talk consistently about permaculture, organic gardening techniques and ways to improve crop yields regardless of how much (or little) space you have available.

So let’s look at companion planting; what it actually is, why it’s beneficial and finally, just how easy it is to accomplish at home without years of gardening experience.

In this guide you’ll find a list of 67 common vegetables, herbs, flowers and fruit trees with their companion plants as well as antagonistic plant enemies that can actually hinder their development.

(Want to know about three companion plants that absolutely LOVE each other? Click to grab How to Grow the 3 Sisters Garden)

What is Companion Planting?

As John Jeavons writes in his excellent book How to Grow More Vegetables, a scientific definition of companion planting is: “The placing together of plants having complementary physical demands.”

He goes on giving a more accurate, living, and spiritual description:

Companion planting is the growing together of all those elements and beings that encourage life and growth; the creation of a microcosm that includes vegetables, fruits, trees, bushes, wheat, flowers, weeds, birds, soil, microorganisms, water, nutrients, insects, toads, spiders, and chickens.

John Jeavons, How to Grow More Vegetables, page 102.

Before we jump into the good stuff, keep in mind that while Nature has perfected companion planting over billions of years, it’s still an experimental field for us humans.

Much more research is needed to understand the intricate relationships between plants and other living organisms. So don’t see this as an exact science, but more as an exploration guide for your own learning.

Why Companion Planting?

No discussion about companion planting would be complete without first tearing apart our current monoculture (single crop planting) ideas about gardening. Think about it…whenever you drive through rural America you are likely to encounter countless fields filled with row after row of a single crop.

Corn is a perfect example.

Granted, most of us don’t have access to acres upon acres to grow our crops, but believe it or not monoculture is never beneficial.

In the past, farmers decided that focusing on a single crop was the best way to reap maximum profits. Sometimes, farmers would change which crop they focused on depending on current market prices. If the price of a bushel of corn went down, for instance, a farmer might decide to switch to soybeans or some other crop offering a higher profit potential.

Unfortunately, monoculture farming leads to a variety of problems. Increased disease, pests and artificial fertilizers have all become commonplace in the commercial farming industry. Let’s pick on corn again for a moment. Corn requires more nutrients (particularly nitrogen) than practically any other commercial crop grown in the United States.

If a farm concentrates solely on cultivating corn, where does the necessary nitrogen come from every year? In most cases, the answer is chemical fertilizers.

There is, however, a much simpler solution. A solution that our ancestors understood intimately. Not only does companion planting offer protection from diseases and pests, it also maintains healthy soil without the use of potentially harmful chemicals.

The Benefits of Companion Planting

Companion planting mimics nature. By growing crops together that naturally complement one another, many of the problems associated with conventional farming methods are avoided. The result is a healthy, high-yield garden that is much easier to maintain.

Did you know, for instance, that by planting tomatoes near asparagus you practically eliminate the threat of asparagus beetles destroying your crop? Or that by planting onions in between lettuce or cabbage, rabbits are more likely to leave them alone?

If you plant marigolds in rows of bean plants, Mexican bean beetles won’t show up and in general, marigolds are an effective form of nematode control (although the effect becomes more powerful each successive year marigolds are planted).

Another example of pest control is planting pumpkin within rows of corn. As the large vines and leaves of pumpkin plants flourish, they offer a physical protection barrier from corn-eating pests including raccoons.

Pest control isn’t the advantage to companion planting. Many plants are nitrogen-fixers. These plants – such as clover and alfalfa – only get about 5% of required nutrients from the soil. The rest comes from nitrogen in the air which these crops store in their root systems. This additional nitrogen is absolutely necessary for the growth of other crops including corn.

There are thousands of other beneficial plant companionships that science is only just beginning to understand, but experience has proven that they work for various reasons.

The idea is to stop thinking about gardening in the conventional sense and attempt (as much as possible) to mimic the way crops grow in nature.

The forest garden, or "food forest", is the ultimate example of companion planting

The forest garden, or “food forest”, is the ultimate example of companion planting

For instance, in many climate zones within the United States, it’s possible to plant multiple crops in the same area depending on the time of the year. This is accomplished by understanding the requirements of your crops. Heavy feeders like, tomatoes and cabbage should be followed by legumes to help the soil recover from the demands of heavy feeders.

Finally, light feeders such as root vegetables, herbs, bulbs and protective flowers (marigolds and nasturtiums) can be added before starting the cycle over the following season. Understanding these relationships means you can effectively double – or even triple – current yields from even a small backyard garden.

Companion Planting Case Study:
The Three Sisters Garden

Three Sisters GardenA perfect example of companion planting is the “three sisters garden”, which is a combination of corn, pole beans, and squash that has been grown together by Native Americans for centuries (possibly longer).

Think about what each plant needs to grow into a healthy vegetable.

  1. Corn requires plenty of space to grow.
  2. Beans need a support system for the stalks to grow straight.
  3. Both squash and corn thrive on nitrogen, which typically does not flourish in sandy soils.

Now, let’s think about how the vegetable compensate for their growing deficiencies.

  • Corn offers string beans the sturdy support to grow straight. Think of a cornstalk as a naturally developing trellis that ensures string beans remain upright.
  • String beans absorb nitrogen from the surrounding air and replenish nitrogen-deficient soil. The upward growing vegetables also act as a bind that keeps the Three Sisters close together, further enhancing the space you have to grow other crops or raise livestock.
  • Sprawling squash creates copious amounts of mulch that cools and moistens the soil.
  • Squash leaves also contain prickly stems that thwart the best attempt of critters such as raccoons from enjoying sumptuous meals.

(Want to know about three companion plants that absolutely LOVE each other? Click to grab How to Grow the 3 Sisters Garden)
Grab this guide
Now, corn, squash and pole beans are not the only plants that establish this kind of symbiotic relationship, as you will see below there are many others.

By combining a variation of fast- and slow-growing crops, nitrogen-fixers, edibles and aromatic herbs, and stacking plants with non-conflicting root zones and heights, it is entirely possible to double the annual yield of your current garden.

As an added benefit, planting a cover crop of white clover, alfalfa or a similar nitrogen-fixer in the off-season helps to replenish essential nutrients required by your crops during planting season. That’s companion planting over the longer term.

So let’s take a look at the plants…

Companion Planting Charts

I have not one but two charts for you. As you can see by these companion planting charts, and the plant index in the next section, there are quite a few combinations that work very well together.

The first chart is brought to you by Afristar Foundation, “a public benefit organisation that develops projects and strategies promoting Green Futures centered on a nature-based economy.”

Companion Planting Chart by Afristar Foundation

The companion planting chart by Afristar Foundation. Right-click and “Save” to download PDF

The second chart is brought to you by the Yayasan IDEP Foundation, “a local Indonesian NGO based in Bali – Indonesia, founded in 1999, that develops and delivers training, community programs and media related to sustainable development through Permaculture, and Community-based Disaster Management.”

This chart contains a lot of information, and with that many plants in a single spreadsheet I find that it can get a bit… messy.

IDEP's companion planting chart

The companion planting chart by the IDEP Foundation. Right-click and “Save” to download PDF


Companion Planting Plant Index

If you want to jump around, use the “top” links to get back to the shortcuts.

Apple top

Apple Companions

  • Marigolds
  • Garlic
  • Lemon Balm
  • Chives
  • Leeks
  • Nasturtium
  • Clover
  • Daffodils
  • Comfrey

Apple Antagonists

  • Grass
  • Potato
  • Walnut

Comments

Marigolds repel many harmful insects. The allium family of plants (garlic, onion, shallots, etc) repels fruit tree borers. Lemon balm attracts bees to help pollinate the apple blossoms. Both grass and potatoes will compete with the apple tree for the same nutrients.


Apricot top

Apricot Companions

  • Basil
  • Nasturtiums
  • Sunflower

Apricot Antagonists

  • Grass
  • Tomato
  • Peppers

Comments

Apricots are threatened by many insects which are repelled by the companion plants. These plants also attract the bees needed for pollination. Apricots are extremely sensitive to a fungus that often affects peppers.


Aspargus top

Asparagus Companions

  • Basil
  • Parsley
  • Tomato
  • Dill
  • Coriander
  • Comfrey
  • Nasturtiums

Asparagus Antagonists

  • Onion
  • Potato
  • Gladiolas
  • Garlic

Comments

The combination of asparagus and basil may attract beneficial lady bugs to your garden. Alliums (onion, garlic, etc) and potatoes are strong competitors for the same nutrients.


Basil top

Basil Companions

  • Chamomile
  • Anise
  • Tomato
  • Pepper
  • Oregano
  • Asparagus
  • Grape Vine
  • Petunias

Basil Antagonists

  • Rue

Comments

Basil is a great companion for many plants. It repels mosquitoes, flies, and other garden pests. Chamomile and anise help increase the flavor of basil.


Beans top

Bean Companions

  • Beets
  • Cucumbers
  • Carrots
  • Lettuce
  • Okra
  • Potato
  • Spinach
  • Dill
  • Cabbage
  • Chard
  • Eggplant
  • Peas
  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Corn
  • Grape Vine
  • Savory
  • Borage
  • Marigold
  • Radish
  • Mint
  • Rosemary
  • Onion
  • Squash

Bean Antagonists

  • Tomatoes
  • Peppers
  • Alliums

Comments

Beans add nitrogen to the soil making it beneficial for many plants but harmful to the ones that don’t need too much nitrogen.


Broad Beans top

Broad Bean Companions

  • Cabbage
  • Corn
  • Lettuce

Broad Bean Antagonists

  • Garlic
  • Onion
  • Chive
  • Shallot
  • Fennel
  • Sunflowers

Bush Beans top

Bush Bean Companions

  • Celery
  • Strawberry
  • Cucumber
  • Soybeans
  • Grains
  • Beets
  • Cabbage
  • Carrot
  • Cauliflower
  • Corn
  • Marigolds
  • Potato
  • Savory

Bush Bean Antagonists

  • Soybean
  • Alfalfa
  • Fennel
  • Garlic
  • Leeks
  • Onion
  • Shallot

Climbing Beans top

Climbing Bean Companions

  • Cabbage
  • Corn
  • Radish
  • Marigold
  • Potato

Climbing Bean Antagonists

  • Beet
  • Sunflower
  • Fennel
  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Kohlrabi
  • Garlic
  • Onion
  • Shallot
  • Leeks

Beets top

Beet Companions

  • Lettuce
  • Garlic
  • Kohlrabi
  • Onion
  • Shallot
  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Beans (bush)
  • Swiss Chard
  • Cabbage
  • Mint

Beet Antagonists

  • Climbing Beans
  • Tomato
  • Mustard

Comments

Beets add many essential minerals to the soil. They grow especially well with kohlrabi. They become more flavorful when grown near garlic.


Borage top

Borage Companions

  • Strawberry
  • Tomato
  • Squash
  • Beans (all)
  • Cucumber
  • Fruit Trees
  • Cabbage

Borage Antagonists

  • None

>

Comments

Borage attracts bees for pollination. It also helps nearby plants become more resistant to disease. It benefits for nearly all plants. Strawberries are its best companion.


Broccoli top

Broccoli Companions

  • Beet
  • Lettuce
  • Turnip
  • Dill
  • Mustard
  • Onion
  • Tomato
  • Chamomile
  • Carrot
  • Marigold
  • Mint
  • Nasturtiums
  • Rosemary
  • Thyme
  • Sage

Broccoli Antagonists

  • Strawberry
  • Peppers
  • Climbing Beans

Comments

Broccoli repels wireworms.


Brussels Sprouts top

Brussels Sprout Companions

  • Sage
  • Thyme
  • Beans (all)
  • Beets
  • Carrot
  • Chamomile
  • Dill
  • Marigolds
  • Mint
  • Onion
  • Nasturtiums
  • Rosemary

Brussels Sprout Antagonists

  • Strawberries

Cabbages top

Cabbage Companions

  • Beans (all)
  • Chamomile
  • Tomato
  • Celery
  • Marigolds
  • Nasturtiums
  • Dill
  • Coriander
  • Onion
  • Beets
  • Mint
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Thyme
  • Lettuce
  • Garlic
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Swiss Chard
  • Spinach

Cabbage Antagonists

  • Grape Vine
  • Rue
  • Strawberry

Cantaloupe top

Cantaloupe Companions

  • Chamomile
  • Savory
  • Corn

Cantaloupe Antagonists

  • None

Chamomile top

Chamomile Companions

  • Cauliflower
  • Broccoli
  • Onion
  • Cabbage
  • Cucumber
  • Most Herbs

Chamomile Antagonists

  • Mint

Comments

Growing chamomile near herbs will give them richer flavor and more nutrient content. Mint tends to crowd out chamomile.


Carrots top

Carrot Companions

  • Rosemary
  • Onion
  • Lettuce
  • Garlic
  • Shallot
  • Chive
  • Tomato
  • Beans (all)
  • Leek
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Peas

Carrot Antagonists

  • Dill
  • Parsnip
  • Radish

Comments

Tomatoes grow much better near carrots but may make carrots smaller.


Cauliflower top

Cauliflower Companions

  • Spinach
  • Sunflower
  • Peas
  • Beans (all)
  • Broccoli
  • Celery
  • Marigold
  • Cabbage
  • Swiss Chard
  • Tomato
  • Brussels Sprouts

Cauliflower Antagonists

  • Rue
  • Strawberry

Comments

Growing spinach and cauliflower together benefits both pants tremendously.


Celery top

Celery Companions

  • Tomato
  • Bush Beans
  • Cauliflower
  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Cabbage

Celery Antagonists

  • Corn
  • Potato
  • Parsnip

Cherry top

Cherry Companions

  • Alliums
  • Marigold
  • Spinach

Cherry Antagonists

  • Grass
  • Potato

Chervil top

Chervil Companions

  • Broccoli
  • Lettuce
  • Radish

Chervil Antagonists

  • None

Comments

Chervil improves the flavor of lettuce, broccoli, and radish. It also repels aphids.


Chives top

Chive Companions

  • Apple
  • Carrot
  • Rose
  • Grape Vine
  • Tomato
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Mustard
  • Cauliflower
  • Strawberry

Chive Antagonists

  • Beans (all)
  • Peas

Comments

Chive repels aphids and other pests.


Coriander top

Coriander Companions

  • Cabbage
  • Spinach
  • Lettuce
  • Tomato
  • Anise
  • Beans (all)
  • Peas

Coriander Antagonists

  • Dill

Comments

Coriander and dill cross-pollinate too easily, ruining both plants.


Corn top

Corn Companions

  • Squash
  • Climbing Beans
  • Potato
  • Soybeans
  • Cucumber
  • Sunflower
  • Dill
  • Peas
  • Parsley
  • Potato
  • Mustard
  • Pumpkin
  • Melons

Corn Antagonists

  • Tomato
  • Celery

Comments

The “Three Sisters” technique was used by many Native Americans. They grew squash, corn, and climbing beans together to benefit all three “sisters.”


Cucumber top

Cucumber Companions

  • Kohlrabi
  • Radish
  • Sunflower
  • Beans (all)
  • Lettuce
  • Nasturtiums
  • Chamomile
  • Marigold
  • Peas
  • Beets
  • Carrot
  • Dill
  • Onion
  • Garlic
  • Celery
  • Spinach
  • Corn
  • Cabbage

Cucumber Antagonists

  • Potato
  • Sage and many other herbs

Comments

Cucumber repels ants and raccoons. Radishes repel cucumber beetles.


Dill top

Dill Companions

  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Fennel
  • Beans (all)
  • Corn
  • Radish
  • Sunflower
  • Lettuce
  • Onion
  • Eggplant
  • Cucumber

Dill Antagonists

  • Coriander
  • Carrot
  • Tomato

Comments

Dill is one of the few plants that grow well with fennel.


Fennel top

Fennel Companions

  • Dill
  • Eggplant
  • Basil

Fennel Antagonists

  • Tomato
  • Coriander
  • Beans (most)

Comments

Fennel attracts beneficial lady bugs and repels aphids. It inhibits the growth of most plants and can kill many so its best to be grown away from others.


Marigold top

Marigold Companions

  • Most Plants
  • Tomato
  • Pepper
  • Apricot
  • Beans (all)
  • Rose
  • Cucumber
  • Squash
  • Potato
  • Zucchini
  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Cabbage
  • Onion
  • Garlic
  • Chive
  • Shallot

Marigold Antagonists

  • None

Comments

Marigolds repel many different pests and are a beneficial companion to almost every plant. Many gardeners suggest planting marigolds everywhere.


Fruit Trees top

Fruit Tree Companions

  • Onion
  • Borage
  • Nasturtiums
  • Garlic
  • Chive
  • Shallot
  • Tansy
  • Marigold
  • Lemon Balm
  • Mustard
  • Marjoram
  • Dandelions

Fruit Tree Antagonists

  • Grass

Comments

Grass is an aggressive competitor with most species of fruit trees.


Garlic top

Garlic Companions

  • Cucumber
  • Rose
  • Tomato
  • Broccoli
  • Beets
  • Peas
  • Cabbage
  • Lettuce
  • Tarragon
  • Celery
  • Potato
  • Fruit Trees

Garlic Antagonists

  • Peas
  • Grape Vine
  • Beans (all)

Comments

Garlic and other alliums are beneficial to many plants. They repel aphids, slugs, rabbits and other common pests.


Grape Vine top

Grape Vine Companions

  • Basil
  • Beans (all)
  • Peas
  • Chives
  • Mustard
  • Oregano
  • Peas
  • Geraniums
  • Blackberries

Grape Vine Antagonists

  • Cabbage
  • Garlic
  • Radish

Kale top

Kale Companions

  • Beets
  • Celery
  • Spinach
  • Marigold
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Nasturtiums
  • Aromatic Herbs

Kale Antagonists

  • Grape Vine
  • Beans (all)
  • Strawberry

Kohlrabi top

Kohlrabi Companions

  • Cucumber
  • Thyme
  • Sage
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Beets
  • Onion
  • Aromatic Herbs

Kohlrabi Antagonists

  • Climbing Bean
  • Pepper
  • Tomato
  • Fennel

Lettuce top

Lettuce Companions

  • Broccoli
  • Beans (Bush & Climbing)
  • Carrot
  • Beets
  • Onion
  • Radish
  • Kohlrabi
  • Dill
  • Cucumber
  • Strawberry
  • Thyme
  • Coriander
  • Nasturtiums
  • Parsnips

Lettuce Antagonists

  • Cabbage
  • Parsley
  • Celery

Comments

Cabbage stunts the growth of lettuce and decreases the flavor.


Marjoram top

Marjoram Companions

  • All Plants
  • Squash
  • Beans (all)
  • Eggplant

Marjoram Antagonists

  • None

Comments

Marjoram will improve the yield of many vegetable crops and increase the flavor of most herbs.


Mustard top

Mustard Companions

  • Mulberry
  • Grape Vine
  • Fruit Trees
  • Beans (all)
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Radish
  • Cauliflower
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Turnip
  • Alfalfa

Mustard Antagonists

  • None

Comments

Mustard is especially beneficial to most species of fruit tree. It stimulates their growth.


Mulberry top

Mulberry Companions

  • Alliums
  • Marigold
  • Grass

Mulberry Antagonists

  • None

Comments

Mulberry is one of the few plants that can be grown with grass.


Nasturtium top

Nasturtium Companions

  • Apple
  • Beans (all)
  • Cabbage
  • Squash
  • Tomato
  • Fruit Trees
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Radish
  • Cucumber
  • Pumpkin
  • Potato

Nasturtium Antagonists

  • Cauliflower

Comments

Nasturtium repels many common garden pests.


Onions top

Onion Companions

  • Carrot
  • Strawberry
  • Chamomile
  • Beets
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Lettuce
  • Parsnip
  • Pepper
  • Cucumber
  • Dill
  • Marigold
  • Tomato
  • Savory
  • Broccoli

Onion Antagonists

  • Peas
  • Lentils
  • Asparagus

Comments

Onions help berries resist disease and keep carrot flies away in addition to other pests.


Oregano top

Oregano Companions

  • All Plants
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Cucumber

Oregano Antagonists

  • None

Comments

Oregano is beneficial to most plants as it repels pests and increases humidity if allowed to spread through crops.


Parsley top

Parsley Companions

  • Asparagus
  • Rose
  • Tomato
  • Corn
  • Apple

Parsley Antagonists

  • Onion
  • Garlic
  • Chive
  • Shallot
  • Lettuce
  • Mint

Comments

When grown near roses, parsley makes the roses more fragrant.


Parsnips top

Parsnip Companions

  • Bush Beans
  • Pepper
  • Potato
  • Radish
  • Fruit Trees

Parsnip Antagonists

  • Carrot
  • Celery

Comments

Blend 3 parsnips with 1 liter of water. Let sit overnight and then strain into a spray bottle. This makes a natural pesticide that is toxic to most pests.


Peas top

Pea Companions

  • Corn
  • Carrot
  • Eggplant
  • Turnip
  • Cauliflower
  • Garlic
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Mint
  • Cucumber
  • Beans (all)

Pea Antagonists

  • Chive
  • Potato
  • Onion

Comments

Peas add nitrogen to the soil. Plant them with plants that require a lot of nitrogen.


Peppers top

Pepper Companions

  • Basil
  • Tomato
  • Sunflower
  • Carrot
  • Eggplant
  • Onion
  • Parsley
  • Okra
  • Marjoram
  • Mustard
  • Geraniums
  • Petunias

Pepper Antagonists

  • Beans (all)
  • Kale
  • Apricot
  • Fennel
  • Kohlrabi
  • Brussels Sprouts

Comments

A fungus that is common to peppers can ruin apricot trees so keep these away from each other.


Pennyroyal top

Pennyroyal Companions

  • Cabbage
  • Kale
  • Cauliflower

Pennyroyal Antagonists

  • None

Comments

Pennyroyal is highly toxic to cats. If you have cats, it’s best to leave this out of your garden.


Potato top

Potato Companions

  • Beans (all)
  • Horseradish
  • Thyme
  • Basil
  • Cabbage
  • Corn
  • Eggplant
  • Marigold
  • Peas
  • Broccoli
  • Corn
  • Onion
  • Garlic
  • Clover

Potato Antagonists

  • Carrot
  • Pumpkin
  • Tomato
  • Cucumber
  • Sunflower
  • Squash
  • Apple
  • Cherry
  • Raspberry
  • Walnut

Comments

Potatoes should be kept away from many plants as they compete for the same resources and can easily spread disease.


Pumpkin top

Pumpkin Companions

  • Corn
  • Squash
  • Nasturtium
  • Beans (all)
  • Oregano
  • Radish

Pumpkin Antagonists

  • Potato

Comments

Nasturtium (as well as marigold and oregano) repel squash bugs and other pests that commonly infest pumpkin crops.


Radish top

Radish Companions

  • Chervil
  • Lettuce
  • Nasturtium
  • Squash
  • Eggplant
  • Cucumber
  • Peas
  • Beans (all)
  • Melons

Radish Antagonists

  • Grape Vine
  • Brussels Sprout
  • Turnip

Comments

Radishes can help many plants either by repelling pests or attracting those pests to themselves rather than the other crops.


Rosemary top

Rosemary Companions

  • Cabbage
  • Beans (all)
  • Sage
  • Carrot
  • Sage
  • Broccoli

Rosemary Antagonists

  • Tomato

Comments

Rosemary is sensitive to cold weather. Do not plant outdoors if you live in plant hardiness zone 6 or colder.


Roses top

Rose Companions

  • Garlic
  • Rose
  • Parsley
  • Chive
  • Marigold

Rose Antagonists

  • None

Rue top

Rue Companions

  • Fruit Trees
  • Lavender
  • Carrot

Rue Antagonists

  • Basil
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage

Comments

Rue deters quite a lot of pests but it should generally be kept separate from most other plants


Sage top

Sage Companions

  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Carrot
  • Rosemary
  • Cabbage
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Tomato
  • Strawberry
  • Marjoram
  • Beans (all)

Sage Antagonists

  • Cucumber
  • Onion
  • Rue

Comments

Sage repels pests and attracts beneficial insects.


Savory top

Savory Companions

  • Beans (all)
  • Onion
  • Melon

Savory Antagonists

  • None

Comments

Savory attracts bees for pollination and repels some pests.


Silverbeet top

Silverbeet Companions

  • Beets
  • Cherry
  • Lavender

Silverbeet Antagonists

  • Basil

Soybeans top

Soybean Companions

  • Corn
  • Sunflower
  • Asparagus
  • Potato

Soybean Antagonists

  • Beans (all)
  • Onions
  • Garlic

Comments

Soybeans add nitrogen to the soil. This is beneficial for plants that need a lot of nitrogen but overkill for those plants that don’t need as much.


Spinach top

Spinach Companions

  • Strawberry
  • Peas
  • Beans (all)
  • Celery
  • Cauliflower
  • Eggplant
  • Peas
  • Beans
  • Broccoli

Spinach Antagonists

  • None

Comments

Peas and beans provide natural shade for spinach which it needs.


Squash top

Squash Companions

  • Borage
  • Corn
  • Beans (all)
  • Okra
  • Radish
  • Marigold
  • Nasturtium
  • Tansy

Squash Antagonists

  • Potato

Comments

Squash are highly susceptible to many pests. Marigolds and nasturtiums help repel some of these.


Strawberry top

Strawberry Companions

  • Borage
  • Spinach
  • Thyme
  • Bush Beans
  • Onion
  • Lettuce
  • Sage

Strawberry Antagonists

  • Cabbage
  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Tomato
  • Potato
  • Eggplant
  • Pepper
  • Melons
  • Okra
  • Mint
  • Rose

Comments

Thyme increases the yield of your strawberry crop and helps them grow more quickly.


Stinging Nettle top

Stinging Nettle Companions

  • Chamomile
  • Tomato
  • Marjoram
  • Mint
  • Broccoli
  • Sage

Stinging Nettle Antagonists

  • None

Comments

Stinging nettle repels aphids.


Sunflower top

Sunflower Companions

  • Pepper
  • Corn
  • Soybeans
  • Cucumber
  • Tomato
  • Swan Plant

Sunflower Antagonists

  • Climbing Beans
  • Garlic
  • Potato

Comments

Sunflowers repel aphids and attract other pests away from nearby crops.


Swiss Chard top

Swiss Chard Companions

  • Bush Beans
  • Kohlrabi
  • Onion
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Radish
  • Turnip

Swiss Chard Antagonists

  • Climbing Beans

Tarragon top

Tarragon Companions

  • All Plants
  • Eggplant
  • Tomato
  • Pepper

Tarragon Antagonists

  • None

Comments

It is recommended to plant tarragon throughout your garden as the scent repels most pests and seems to enhance the flavor and growth of any crop grown near it.


Thyme top

Thyme Companions

  • All Plants
  • Cabbage
  • Potato
  • Brussels Sprout
  • Eggplant
  • Strawberry
  • Tomato

Thyme Antagonists

  • None

Comments

Thyme attracts the beneficial syrphidae which preys on aphids.


Tomato top

Tomato Companions

  • Aspargus
  • Basil
  • Garlic
  • Beans (all)
  • Oregano
  • Rose
  • Brocolli
  • Cabbage
  • Celery
  • Pepper
  • Marigold
  • Borage
  • Parsley
  • Coriander
  • Chive
  • Carrot
  • Eggplant
  • Sage
  • Thyme
  • Mint
  • Mustard
  • Rosemary
  • Stinging Nettle

Tomato Antagonists

  • Corn
  • Dill
  • Potato
  • Fennel
  • Kohlrabi
  • Walnut

Comments

Growing basil near tomatoes will increase your tomato yield. Dill attracts pests that feed on tomatoes.


Turnips top

Turnip Companions

  • Broccoli
  • Peas
  • Cabbage

Turnip Antagonists

  • Potato
  • Radish
  • Carrot
  • Mustard

Comments

Turnips should not be planted near other root vegetables as they will compete for the same resources.


Yarrow top

Yarrow Companions

  • Most Plants (especially aromatic)
  • Apricot
  • Chervil
  • Grape Vine

Yarrow Antagonists

  • None

Comments

Yarrow attracts many beneficial insects and acts as a natural fertilizer.


Zucchini top

Zucchini Companions

  • Corn
  • Marjoram
  • Parsnip

Zucchini Antagonists

  • Potato

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